Children should be encouraged to work on their literacy skills from a very young age and as often as possible. The more they practice reading and writing, the quicker their progress is going to be. This is why it is important that, in addition to working on their literacy skills in school, kids also continue practicing at home with their families. There are a few literacy activities children can create in class and then take home to continue practice after school is over.
A family journal encourages both writing and reading. You can either get the students to buy special notebooks, or create their journals by simply folding white paper in half and stapling it at the fold to make a blank book. Have students draw lines in the journal with the help of a ruler. Then have the children take the journals home over the weekend and write about the highlights of their weekend together with their families. When they come back to school every Monday, they can read their stories to their peers, which will give them a chance to practice their reading skills.
A good way for children to learn new words is if they see them written on familiar objects. You can make large colored labels in class together by writing words for things students will find around their homes on pieces of paper. Create labels for things such as doors, refrigerators and pieces of furniture. Help your students to spell the words. When you finish the cards, let the students take them home and stick them on the appropriate objects. Instruct them to ask their parents for help. You can do the same thing for objects in the classroom.
Spelling is an important part of literacy and a good way to practice it is by playing matching games. First, help the children create cards with letters on them. Make two cards for every letter: one for the uppercase and one for the lowercase letter. After the cards are done, ask the children to match a picture or an object you provide, to a letter it begins with. Once they find their match, they can use the rest of their letter cards to spell the word. Children can take the cards home and continue playing the game with their families.
Reading should be encouraged at all stages of life. Come up with ideas for a theme every two weeks or once a month, and present your students with books related to that theme. Offer them one fictional book and one non-fictional to read on each topic. Have the students take the books home and read them together with their parents over a certain period of time. You can then also invite the families to family literacy evenings at which you will discuss the material they read with their kids.