While your child might know the difference between big and little, most kindergartners are still grasping the concepts of opposites. Help reinforce opposites by engaging your child in simple and entertaining activities relating to the different aspects of opposites.
Books on Opposites
Read books to your child that will help her understand the concept of opposites. The book, "Exactly the Opposite," by Tana Hobon, uses full-page photographs to teach opposites such as open and close and hot and cold. "Big Dog ... Little Dog," by P.D. Eastman, uses quirky, Dr. Seuss-style rhymes and silly dog illustrations to teach children about opposites. Another book to check out is "The Opposite," by Tom MacRae, a humorous tale about a boy who wakes up to find an invisible Opposite turning his world upside down.
Help your child master opposites with educational exercises. Have her do the opposite movement that you make. Stand up and say "up," and have her crouch down and say "down." Once she gets the hang of it, she should quickly be able to do the opposite of what you are doing. Let her take the lead and you do the opposite of whatever she does. Bring out your child's toy blocks and ask her to make a tall building, than a short building. Put different amounts of small objects in bowls and have her tell you which has more or less. Have her touch a pile of pebbles and a pile of cotton balls to demonstrate hard and soft.
Challenge your child and her friends to play an opposite version of Simon Says, where they have to do the exact opposite of what Simon says to do. If Simon says to reach their hands high up in the air, the kids should reach down low, touching the ground. When Simon says to kick their right leg, they should kick with the left leg instead. The same rule still applies, however, that if Simon doesn't say "Simon says," first, they should not do anything. You can also play opposite charades. Call up one person and give her something to do. The other kids must call out the opposite of what she is doing. If she is pretending to be hot, for example, the kids should yell out, "cold!"
Give your child old magazines to create an opposite collage. First have her cut out objects such as a tall person, someone smiling and a bouquet of flowers. Paste those items on one side of a piece of paper, then have her look for the opposite of each object, such as a short person, someone frowning and a single flower. Paste the opposits on the other side of the paper. Another idea is have your child create an opposite scene painting. Fold a piece of construction paper in half and have her paint any type of daytime scene, such as beach scene, with the sunshine. On the other side, she should paint the exact opposite such as snowy mountains at night.