The gums take the brunt of the pain when molars emerge shortly after your toddler’s first birthday. First molars typically come in when a child is between 13 and 19 months of age, according to WebMD. Sore and sensitive gums are one of the most common symptoms in toddlers who are teething with molars. Due to the larger size of molars compared to baby incisors, the symptoms can become progressively worse. Some children are lucky enough not to experience much pain or discomfort, but others can have mild bleeding from their gums.
Teething in toddlers exhibit several signs, including chewing, irritability, drooling, and sensitive or sore gums. Gums can also become slightly swollen, and are generally tender. Parents can usually tell when the molars are close to coming through because white areas will appear on the surface of the gums. When this happens, some bleeding might occur.
While not as prominent as the other classic teething symptoms, gums can bleed. This bleeding is generally light and is a result of a tiny cyst bursting as the molar erupts. These cysts, or small blisters, usually appear on the gum tissue as new teeth make their way through the gums. This area can appear red, irritated, or inflamed, and will generally be sore when touched.
Bleeding gums are not always a result of teething with molars, although the two conditions can occur simultaneously. Toddlers can suffer from periodontal diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Along with bleeding of the gums, these types of adolescent gum diseases can cause bright, swollen gums, receded gums and chronic bad breath. If your toddler has more than a light bleeding from the gums caused by teething, seek medical attention immediately.
Light bleeding of the gums can be gently cleaned with a soft, damp gauze or cloth. While your toddler is teething with molars, parents should brush the gums and any surfaced teeth with a soft-bristled toothbrush and toothpaste without fluoride. Sores, sensitive gums caused by teething can be relieved by applying pressure with a clean finger or damp washcloth. Teething rings made of firm rubber can also help alleviate discomfort.