Labor induction occurs when a woman's body is unable to begin the labor process naturally. Oxytocin is administered intravenously to begin contractions of the uterus. Contractions help the baby move down into the birth canal and become stronger as labor progresses. Sometimes inducing labor is necessary for mom and her unborn baby, however, there are risks to consider during an induction.
Labor often is induced when a woman is 10 days past her estimated due date and fails to begin labor naturally.
Some doctors induce labor when there is a health risk to the mother, such as preeclampsia or diabetes.
Sometimes a woman's water will break but contractions don't occur or are not strong enough. Inducing labor help make contractions stronger and speeds up the birthing process.
There is an increased chance of infection to mother and baby when labor has been induced.
Low Heart Rate
Oxytocin is a drug often used to induce labor and can cause too many contractions. Oxygen has a hard time reaching the baby, causing the heart rate to drop.