What Are Necessities for Kids?

Kids are demanding and their needs change as they grow. Like all living creatures, kids have basic needs such as food, water, shelter and safety. To help a child grow into a well-rounded person, she must also have her emotional needs met. By knowing about the necessities kids require and by having an understanding regarding their development, you can help your child become a dynamic and healthy adult.

Basic Necessities

To promote a child’s health, he needs to exercise regularly, get enough sleep and eat nutritious foods. Access to clean water and a safe environment are also basic necessities that help kids thrive physically and establish trust in others. In the publication “Early Childhood Development: A Powerful Equalizer,” the World Health Organization shares that any deficiencies in these basic needs at any stage of a child’s development can have long-term damaging effects on his psychological and intellectual development 1.


Because environments shape kids, it isn’t enough for a child to merely have family and friends. She needs to have high-quality relationships. The World Health Organization states that a family is a child's primary influence on her development 1. Children do best when they have relationships with warm, responsive people who give them opportunities to explore and develop on a daily basis. These warm relationships should offer a child unconditional love and care, keep a child safe, promote self-confidence and teach about logical consequences.


Playing is a necessity that has a central role in a kid’s development. When a kid plays, the synapses in his brain form links that promote secure attachments, according to the World Health Organization. Playing has a vital role in a kid’s social and cognitive development and helps him learn social norms. To help a child develop in a healthy manner, he should play in a safe, stimulating environment with age-appropriate toys.

Community Support Services

While parents might need support services on behalf of their child, the resources in a community help a family meet a child’s needs. Social supports in a community, for instance, help keep a child safe and away from conditions that might make a child fall ill or delay her development. Services that many parents regularly use for their children include pediatricians, schools, public parks and child care providers. If a family experiences economic hardships, support services can offer nutritional assistance so a child doesn’t have to miss a meal, health coverage for children and housing assistance to help prevent homelessness.

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