How to Teach Your Child to Memorize the Alphabet
Knowing the alphabet is a skill preschoolers should have before they begin kindergarten. If they are fluent in naming letters when school starts, they are more likely to be successful readers. You can help your child memorize the alphabet with fun activities that aren't time-consuming, which is beneficial when working with a 3- or 4-year-old who is constantly on the go. By the time your child has memorized the alphabet, you might be repeating letters in your sleep!
Teach a few letters at a time. Do not overwhelm your child with the entire alphabet at once. Although they might be able to sing the traditional ABC song, you want your child to recognize the letter as well. Concentrate on three to five letters at a time.
Use flashcards to reinforce alphabet knowledge. You can make a set of your own with index cards and a marker, or you can print a set from Mr. Printables, an online site with free color flashcards. These also have a picture on the card that begins with the sound of the letter, which helps your child become aware of letter/sound correspondence, another crucial beginning reading skill.
Play games on the Internet. Many online alphabet games are interactive and fun for preschoolers. Starfall is an early learning site in which a child can click on any letter to hear its name. ABCya has an alphabet "concentration" game. Children click on cards to find pairs. They can choose from several difficulty levels as their knowledge increases. This game is also fun for adults, so play with your child.
Use manipulative activities to help your child memorize the alphabet. Buy plastic alphabet tiles with a magnet on the back so he can put them in order on the refrigerator door. Universal Preschool suggests writing letters on pieces of cardboard and have your child hop from letter to letter. This game offers physical and mental exercise.
Take advantage of teachable moments to help your child memorize the alphabet. For example, sing the alphabet song in the car. Make a game out of finding each letters on signs as you travel. Ask your child to find and name letters on a cereal box in the kitchen. Making learning fun is the key to helping your child remember the alphabet.
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