How Behavioral Problems With Children Affect Families
Childhood behavioral issues can be a source of stress for children and family members alike. Research indicates that communication issues, increased stress, negative sibling behaviors and marital problems may all arise from behavioral disturbances in children. Family intervention may prove to be a vital part of improving these key factors in households under pressure from children with behavioral problems.
Parents may communicate more negatively after interactions with disruptive children, according to research conducted through the University of Buffalo. Published in the "Journal of Abnormal Psychology" in 2012, this study randomly assigned parents of 9- to 12-year-old children to an activity with a disruptive child or a more positive, less disruptive individual 1. Parental interactions following more negative experiences with children showed more conflict, fewer positive responses and more negativity than their counterparts who experienced more positive interactions. Child behavior may have a dramatic impact on the way others in the household communicate, an issue that should be taken into consideration in the treatment of all family members.
Increased Parental Stress
While it has been well documented that parental stress and marital conflict can cause behavioral problems in children, research published in the "American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities" reports that the inverse is also true 23. In a 2012 study out of the University of California, researchers followed 144 normally developing children and 93 children identified as having behavioral issues. Their actions and the emotional responses of their parents were examined for relationships between parental stress and undesired behaviors. Children with more behavior issues had parents who had more signs of stress and anxiety than those without these problems. This indicates that child behavior and the stress levels of other family members can increase -- and decrease -- together, which may pave the way for treatments that embrace more familial involvement.
Negative Impacts on Sibling Behavior
Behavioral problems of one child may also impact the behavior of other children in the household. In a 2010 study published in the "American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities," University of California researchers found that in children ages 5 to 8 years, siblings of a child with behavioral disturbances had more negative behaviors and less positive emotional profiles 23. This research supports the notion that brothers and sisters of children with identified emotional or behavioral disturbances should be involved in treatment interventions alongside their siblings.
Lowered Marital Satisfaction
Higher levels of stress may contribute to additional issues within parental relationships. In a study out of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences and published in the "Iranian Journal of Psychiatry" in 2012, parents of children suffering from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder had lower levels of marital satisfaction than those couples who had children without behavioral issues 4. Due to the relationship between childhood behavior and marital dissatisfaction, parents should try to focus on their needs as well as those of their children to maintain relationship stability.
- Journal of Abnormal Psychology: Child Effects on Communication Between Parents of Youth With and Without ADHD
- American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Parenting Stress and Child Behavior Problems: A Transactional Relationship Across Time
- American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Siblings Are Special: Initial Test of a New Approach for Preventing Youth Behavior Problems
- Iranian Journal of Psychiatry: Marital Satisfaction amongst Parents of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Normal Children
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