Baby Milestones

Finger Foods for 10-Month-Old Kids

Meals

Usually you can find something from your regularly scheduled lunch or dinner menus that would be just fine for a 10-month-old. Many recipes may require that you cook food a little bit longer to ensure that it is soft enough or simply cut it small enough to prevent choking. Foods such as sandwiches, chicken and hamburgers are all acceptable finger foods for 10-month-olds as long as the pieces are small enough. Rice and pasta dishes are also acceptable as long as you cook them long enough so that they can easily be mashed up in a semi-toothless mouth.

Cereal

Cereal is another popular choice for beginner infant finger foods. This is probably because it’s the easiest to prepare--simply open up a box and put a handful in front your young one. Be careful that you choose cereals that have some nutritional value such as Cheerios or Crunchy Corn Bran, and not just sugary marshmallows.

Sandwich Deconstructed

Cutting cheese in to cubes and shredding lunch meat is as much effort as it takes to prepare this dish. It works because your 10-month-old is likely to take that sandwich apart anyway, so save yourself the hassle of making it and move on.

Fruits

Soft fruits are essential to your baby’s diet. Some great ideas are banana slices, peeled and sliced apples or pears, peeled grapes or cut-up peaches, or cubed melon. The rule of thumb is to choose fruits that are soft enough to be gummed and to cut the pieces smaller if they don’t melt in your mouth naturally, such as watermelon.

How to Help Your Six-Month-Old Take Naps

Watch your baby for signs of fatigue and sleepiness. Signs that your baby is feeling sleepy and might need a nap include yawning, crying, refusing to hold eye contact with others and rubbing her face and eyes.

Prepare your baby for a nap by changing his diaper and ensuring he’s dressed comfortably.

Help your baby unwind and relax so he will successfully fall asleep. This might include rocking for a few minutes, reading a short story or just holding him for a few minutes in a quiet room. As soon as your baby is calm and relaxed, it’s time to put him down. Don’t get into the habit of letting your baby fall sleep and then transferring him to his bed, advises the Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. By putting your baby in his bed awake, he learns the skill of falling asleep independently.

Place your baby in his crib on his back, advises the University of Missouri Extension. Give him a kiss and leave the room. Turn a monitor on, if necessary, to allow you to hear sounds in the room.

Listen for your baby to ensure he goes to sleep. It might take a few minutes and some babies do need to fuss slightly to wind down and fall asleep.

Return to your baby’s crib if he doesn’t settle down or his cries become more frantic within about five to 10 minutes. In a firm and loving tone, lay him back down on his back, give him a kiss and tell him it’s nap time. Leave the room again.

Repeat the process of returning every five to 10 minutes to calm your baby and encourage sleep until he falls asleep. Although this can be a challenging process, your child should quickly learn how to sleep independently.

Tip

Most 6-month-olds take two to three naps each day, according to Nicole Johnson, sleep consultant with the Baby Sleep Site. By staying on top of your baby’s sleep schedule and preventing extreme fatigue, your baby should nap better.

Baby Food Menu Ideas for 12 Months

Breakfast

Banana slices cut up into quarters with peanut butter on whole wheat toast cut up into sticks. Serve with whole milk.

A 12-month-old can begin to drink whole milk at this time instead of breast milk or formula. Breakfast is a great time to serve up a glass of whole milk because it provides essential nutrients like protein and vitamins. Prior to a child being twelve months old, peanut butter is not suggested because of a possible allergic reaction. If your child is twelve months or older and food allergies are not an issue, peanut butter is an excellent source of protein and is delicious too. Serve the peanut butter on whole wheat toast so that your baby can get a source of fiber and whole grains in at breakfast. Finally, bananas are not only tasty to a twelve-month-old, but are nutritious too!

Lunch

Applesauce with whole wheat crackers and string cheese. Serve with water or whole milk.

This is a well-rounded meal to serve to a twelve-month-old for lunch. It combines most of the major food groups including fruit, whole grains and dairy. Boost the dairy consumption with whole milk if you wish. Applesauce is an easy-to-eat food that many 12-month-olds can use to practice feeding themselves with a spoon. Crackers and string cheese are also good self-feed type of foods. This teaches a baby independence and autonomy.

Dinner

Chicken with one-third of a baked sweet potato and brown rice. Serve with 100% natural apple juice.

Rotisserie chicken cut into small pieces along with a tasty baked sweet potato and some quick brown rice is not only an easy meal to make but healthy for a growing baby as well. The baked sweet potato and brown rice are easy for baby to feed herself, and the chicken provides a much-needed protein source. Serve it up with some 100% natural apple juice for a sweet drink.

Snack

Organic yogurt like YoBaby Yogurt is an excellent source of Vitamin D and Calcium and is yummy to boot. You can serve the yogurt alone or add fresh fruit like bananas or raspberries for an even better snacktime treat.

Physical Development of Children at Nine Months

Height and Weight

Physical growth in babies slows down between 8 and 12 months of age, so at 9 months old, your baby will not be gaining weight or growing in length as quickly as he was previously. The length and weight of a 9-month-old baby depends on the child. Boys this age are usually between 16 to 25 pounds in weight and 26 to 30 inches long, and 9-month-old girls are usually between 14 to 24 pounds in weight and 25.5 to 29.5 inches long. A 9-month-old baby's growth should continue to fall along the same growth curve as it did throughout the first nine months of life.

Body Control

At 9 months old, your baby has begun to develop control over her body. She can likely crawl, roll and sit for long periods of time without support. She can likely also pull herself to a standing position while holding onto furniture by the time she is 9 months old, and she may be starting to push a walker or cruise along the furniture while in a standing position. If your baby is still having trouble sitting up or hasn't begun to crawl yet, talk to her pediatrician about having a physical assessment done to rule out any potential problems.

Coordination

Fine motor control in a 9-month-old is generally good enough for him to grab objects in a pincer grasp between the thumb and index finger. This development makes it easier for the baby to feed himself finger foods, throw toys and shake a rattle. A 9-month-old baby also typically has enough hand-eye coordination to wave goodbye, and if you've been introducing baby sign language, he might begin to respond with gestures of his own at around 9 months of age.

Teeth

Your 9-month-old baby's teeth may have already begun to erupt, or you may be noticing the first signs of tooth development right around this point. Most babies develop their top two central incisors between the ages of 8 to 12 months old and their bottom two central teeth between 6 and 10 months of age. Some 9-month-old babies will also have begun to cut the next two top teeth, the lateral incisors. Keep teething rings and cold packs on hand to help ease your baby's teething aches and pains.

Milestones in the Development of a 10-Month-Old Baby

Motor Skills

Your baby should sit up without assistance and may even begin pulling herself into a standing position. Babies of this age generally creep or crawl across the floor to explore and get from place to place. Some babies might even be walking by 10 months of age, but this is the exception, not the rule. A baby will have improved hand-eye coordination. He will grasp at small items using a pincer grasp, and he should pass items from hand to hand while playing.

Cognition

A 10-month-old baby is beginning to understand the idea of object permanence, or the fact an object exists even when it is out of sight. He will begin to look for hidden objects or play peek-a-boo. Stranger anxiety also begins to set in around this age, so expect crying and sadness when you need to leave your baby for periods of time, as your baby is realizing you exist beyond the scope of the room he is in. Babies of this age love to imitate and will copy the every move of parents, siblings and other caregivers.

Language

Babbling begins to move into actual words, and many babies this age begin making recognizable sounds. "Mama," "Dada" and other common words will become a part of her everyday language. Your baby is beginning to understand more language at this point, as well, and she will likely be upset to hear the infamous word "No!". 10-month-old babies will also wave goodbye, point or make other gestures to communicate wants and needs.

Facilitating Growth and Learning

There are several things parents can do to further boost the growth and learning of their 10-month-old. Create an environment that is safe and inviting, allowing your baby to explore without fear. Cabinet locks, baby gates and other safety devices are a must at this stage. Read books to your child on a regular basis to facilitate language development and understanding. Talk to your baby and give him a chance to answer, even if you can't quite understand at this point. Begin to provide limits to help your baby understand the difference between right and wrong behaviors.

What Can a 6-Month-Old Child Do?

Eating

The American Academy of Pediatrics advises parents that beginning solid foods is appropriate after 6 months, states the HealthyChildren.org website. As long as your child has strong head and neck control, seems interested in food and can move food from the front to the back of her mouth to swallow, your little one is probably ready to begin eating solid foods from a spoon. It’s also advisable that a 6-month-old should weigh at least 13 pounds before starting solid foods.

Physical Skills

A 6 month old is developing many new physical skills that enable him to explore and play. Many babies this age can roll from both front to back and back to front, and they may be working on sitting without help, states the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If you hold your baby upright, he can probably bear weight on his legs. Babies this age also have enough maturity to sleep through the night without needing to wake to feed, according to the UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital website. Just because your little one is physically able to sleep through the night doesn’t mean he does, though.

Emotional Development and Interaction

Babies at this point have significant emotional development that enables them to interact with others. Your child recognizes family and friends she sees regularly and probably enjoys playing engaging games such as patty-cake and peekaboo. If you sit with your baby on your lap, she might enjoy paging through a chunky board book filled with bright colors and pictures of people or animals. Call your child’s name, and she’ll likely turn her head because she knows you’re talking to her. Babies this age also show off the beginnings of language development by making babbling noises and even carrying on “conversations” with others.

Learning and Exploring

The world is full of fascinating sights and sounds for a 6-month-old baby. Take your child outdoors, and he'll probably watch everything with avid interest. He might even try to move to explore, though he probably can’t crawl effectively yet. Exploring objects orally by putting items in his mouth is a common way of learning for babies this age, according to the Women’s and Children’s Health Network website.

Mental Development of Babies from Birth to Two Years Old

0 to 6 Months

A 1-month-old is closely observing his parents when they talk to him. By 3 months, an infant babbles back with coos and squeals. He's also able to track noise by turning his head in the direction of the sound. A 3-month-old can distinguish between people and objects and tell the difference between a frown and a smile. By midyear, your baby is able to make vowel-consonant sounds like "ma-ooh." A 6-month-old clearly recognizes his parents and knows when he's seeing someone for the first time.

7 to 12 Months

A 7-month-old is physically able to sit up in your lap, reach for a book and give it his all -- alas unsuccessfully -- to to turn pages. By 8 months, your baby has become more vocal and says words like "mama and "dada," even though he doesn't yet know the meaning of what he's saying. In actuality, your little one is learning to combine syllables, points out the American Pregnancy Association. At this age, a baby understands the meaning of the oft-used word "no" but doesn't necessarily comply. A 10-month-old now knows what he's talking about when he says "dada" or "mama." "No," "go," "bye" and "hi" are commonly used words around this age. Patty-cake, peekaboo and other interactive games are exciting for a 10- to 12-month-old.

12 to 18 months

A 1-year-old is able to bring you a book to read, turn it right side up and hold it, notes the American Academy of Pediatrics. This is a good age to ask your young toddler to point to the dog, house, car or other pictures of interest in books. It won't be long before he'll correctly answer your questions. An 18-month-old toddler uses an object in place of another during "pretend" or "make-believe" play. For instance, she may use a washcloth for a hat or a pretend a cucumber is a telephone.

18 to 24 months

As a child gets closer to age 2, he may count out loud but not necessarily in the correct order. Toddlers in this age group love to scribble and are beginning to sort objects by color and shapes. A 2-year-old has an impressive vocabulary of about 50 words, uses a few adjectives like "small," "big," "happy" and "sad," and can put together some very short sentences, notes MayoClinic.com. She's also able to follow simple instructions such as "Get the book and bring it to me."