Reading skills begin with a child’s first familiarity with the alphabet. As your youngster learns how to sing the ABCs, recognizing letters also will begin. With engaging lessons that entertain and teach, your child can learn letters in an enjoyable fashion. This foundation of knowledge will prepare her for learning to read and write when she gets a little older.
Sing the standard alphabet song with your child to teach him the 26 letters of the alphabet, advises the Reading-Tutors website. Children often catch on to this sing-song melody quickly and enjoy singing it. Strive to sing the alphabet song with your little one daily and he’ll gain a familiarity with the letters.
Make or buy a set of alphabet cards for your youngster. You could affix the cards to a wall at eye-level in your child’s room or you could use the cards as flashcards to build alphabet recognition, suggests the U.S. Department of Education. Optimally, the cards should be large -- at least 5 inches by 7 inches.
Place magnetic letters on the refrigerator or on a magnetic board for your child to use, advises the Colorin’ Colorado website. Talk about the letters regularly with your child. Spell out simple words with your child, such as “dog,” “cat,” “sit” and “up.” As you spell out words and read them with your youngster, point to each letter and name them.
Raise awareness of letters to teach your little one that letters are everywhere, recommends professor Cathy Collins Block, with the Texas Christian University. As you read books to your child, point out letters at random to help her realize that the text of the book contains letters that make up the words. Point out letters in signs, on menus and on product packaging to show your little one letters she might know.
Give your youngster educational supplies that foster learning, advises Block. Paper, crayons, markers, pencils, modeling compound, blunt scissors, glue and paints. Encourage your child to spend time scribbling, coloring, cutting, gluing and writing.
Teach your child the letters of his name by writing it often. Whenever your child colors a picture or makes any type of drawing, write his name at the top and say each letter as you write it. Eventually, he will learn the letters and progress to writing them himself.
Choose a “letter of the day” and focus on this letter. Help your child learn how to write it and look for it in books you read or signs you see. Choose specific coloring pages with objects that start with the letter of the day.