Learning the alphabet is a major milestone for every child. He’ll eventually be singing the alphabet song repeatedly, calling out letters when he spots them or even scribbling them on the walls. Start introducing alphabet activities before preschool or kindergarten so he’ll be well-prepared when schools comes.
Break lessons into a few letters at a time. That will prevent your child from being overwhelmed and will allow him to thoroughly learn what the letters look like and what sounds they make. Tie the lessons in with other activities, such as letter-tracing sheets and discussing colors that start with that letter.
Write each letter of the alphabet on a note card. Make a set of uppercase letters and lowercase letters -- he’ll need to learn both. Store these cards in a resealable plastic bag. For example, if you’re working on E, F and G, pull out the six corresponding cards for those letters. Hold the card up and ask your child what letter it is. You can give hints, if needed. Ask him what animals start with that letter or other objects with that letter. When you’re finished learning a set of letters, place them in a different plastic bag. As you learn more letters, add those cards to the learned bag. Practice frequently.
Play an “I Spy” letter game. When you’re grocery shopping with your little one or stuck in traffic, have your child search out letters. You can either choose a letter to look for or he can just call them out as he spots them.
Read alphabet books to your child. Dr. Seuss’s “ABC,” “Curious George’s ABCs” by H.A. Rey, “Chicka Chicka ABC” by John Archambault and “Superhero ABC” by Bob McLeod work well for this. Rereading the books will also help the process.
Singing the alphabet song is always helpful. Slow down enough so he can distinguish between the letters. This helps avoid the “el-em-en-o-pee” jumble that frequently happens with young children. Practice makes perfect, so don't get annoyed when he's on his 50th rotation of the song.