Infants are completely dependent on their caregivers from whom they instinctively seek security and protection; the caregiver responds instinctively, but she has also learned parenting from others, primarily from her parents. Babies are like sponges during the first three years of life when they are experiencing and learning at a very fast pace. The caregiver plays a major role in the development during this time. She provides the warmth and closeness that gives the baby the support and nurturing he needs to process new experiences.
When an infant’s needs are being met, he learns that he can trust the caregiver to take care of him. According to SimplyPsychology, a baby’s trust of the caregiver is the foundation to transitioning successfully to the next stage of development. A consistent positive connection builds trust and helps to foster positive relationships as he grows older. He is more likely to have confidence in himself and in those around him. Success here leads to hope, and hope leads to the belief that people will support him in times of need.
A wholesome mutual relationship is critical for the healthy development of an infant. According to the National Infant and Toddler Child Care Initiative, constructive relationships between caregivers and infants help build healthy brains. The premise is that positive relationships do more than just support development; they actually are the building blocks for the brain. While this process continues throughout life, it is most vital during infancy because it affects how the brain develops, which makes the role of the caregivers all the more crucial to the baby’s development.
Infants attach to the primary caregiver most often because of the consistency of the relationship. This may be true of the parent or possibly the caregiver in child care environments. Since these relationships are the focus of early childhood development, it is very important that the primary caregivers are responsive to the child’s physical and emotional needs, provide consistent nurturing and are emotionally invested in their well-being. Future constructive relationships may depend on this stage of development.
Positive interaction between infants and caregivers is crucial for successful development. When a baby is allowed to explore and experience new environments, he becomes more independent; that autonomy carries over to the next stage of development and continues until he emerges as a well-adjusted child. At the developing stage, it is important that the baby's responses are met with positive reactions. For example, if the baby smiles or coos, and the caregiver often scowls instead of giving a reciprocal smile or acknowledgement, the baby may stop smiling and not look to the caregiver for reciprocation.