Weight is a common concern for pregnant women as they enter their second trimester. Moms to be often wonder if they are gaining enough or too much. Nothing is typical about pregnancy, not even the amount of weight gained at any given gestational week. However, there are certain symptoms that can alert you that something is not going right. There are also lifestyle changes that you can make to ensure that you are gaining the appropriate amount of baby weight. Still, doctors are satisfied if you gain 1 to 2 lbs. per week from the beginning of the second trimester until you deliver your baby.
According to the American Pregnancy Association, you should gain approximately 6 lbs. by gestational week 14. The average weight gain for a pregnant woman should be between 25 and 37 lbs. before delivery. Women who are underweight should typically gain between 28 and 40 lbs. Women who are overweight before pregnancy should try to gain just 15 to 25 lbs. A pregnant woman will typically gain as much as 2 lbs. per week after the second trimester begins.
Bring on the Food
Now that you have entered your second trimester, your morning sickness has most likely vanished. Your baby's major organs are now fully formed, and he will pass the rest of his time in your tummy putting on weight. It is not uncommon for some women to have actually lost weight during the first trimester due to morning sickness. If this is the case, now is the time to eat almost anything you like. Pregnant women should avoid salty foods, as this can increase water weight.
Toxemia is a form of pregnancy-related hypertension combined with protein in the urine. Toxemia is also called preeclampsia. Preeclampsia will cause you to retain water weight. You will be checked for swelling of the face, ankles and hands during your prenatal visits. Your doctor may also screen your urine for proteins. Women with preexisting hypertension, cardiovascular disease or obesity are considered to be at risk for toxemia. If you are at risk, limit your intake of sodium and increase the amount of water you drink to help keep your blood pressure and water weight down.
Gestational diabetes, a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy, can cause you to put on more weight than you would like. Don't feel alone. Babies born to mothers who have gestational diabetes tend to be rather large when they are born. Your doctor or midwife will be monitoring your blood sugar to be sure that your weight gain is not due to gestational diabetes. If it is, you may need to monitor your diet, and possibly control the condition with insulin.
Diet and Exercise
At 14 weeks of pregnancy, you should be able to gauge the amount of weight you need to gain to achieve your goals. Your doctor can refer you to a prenatal dietician who can help you plan your pregnancy diet accordingly. Exercise is encouraged during an uncomplicated pregnancy. If you were running before, you can continue to run now. Reaching and weight lifting are discouraged during any pregnancy.