Making a doll can be a labour-intensive process. After stitching the doll together, adding hair and sewing a wardrobe, you'll want to make sure that the doll's face is attractive and works well with the style you have chosen. A doll face can be simple or quite complex, depending on the look you are trying to achieve. Regardless of whether you choose to create your doll's face using simple lines or a detailed drawing, symmetry and proportion are important.
Draw the doll's face before you sew the doll together. Ensure that the face is symmetrical by folding the fabric in half lengthwise and drawing a light line with tailor's chalk.
Use horizontal lines to make sure the features are placed proportionately. Use the tailor's chalk to draw a horizontal line across the face where the eyes should be. The website "Portrait Artist" informs us that "the eye-line is right in the middle---between the top of the head and the bottom of the chin." Fold the face in half horizontally to find the exact placement of this line.
Fold the face in half horizontally again---fold only the section between the eye line and the chin line. This new fold will show you where the bottom of the nose should be. Fold the fabric yet again using your new nose line, and you will find the approximate location of the bottom of the mouth.
Use the tailor's pencil to sketch in the doll's eyes. Draw a vertical line from the pupils of the eyes to the mouth area. This is where the mouth should end if you want to give your doll a realistically proportioned face. Draw the nose and the mouth. If you are embroidering the doll's face, keep the lines simple.
Embroider the doll's face or proceed to sew the doll together. If you plan to paint the doll's face after it is sewn, re-evaluate your drawing after you have put it together---especially if you are doing any facial sculpting. Make adjustments as needed.
Use an oil-based brown pencil to outline the doll's features, as recommended by doll artist Susan Kramer. She also recommends oil-based chalk to give colour to the doll's cheeks. Use acrylic paint to colour other features.