Many prospective adoptive parents in Texas worry about the cost of adoption. Adoption involves a number of costs, and many prospective parents worry about their ability to pay. While the price may at times seem high, different organizations and the government provide a number or resources to help the adoptive parents. A number of different types of adoptions exist; depending on what type of adoption a prospective parent wants to obtain, the costs can differ.
Foster Care Adoptions
Foster care adoptions place children in temporary homes until a permanent home can be established, either with another adoptive parent or with a family member, but they can turn into permanent situations, and this particular option costs the least amount of money. Foster care adoptions can cost between nothing and $2,500.
Private Agency Adoptions
Private adoption agencies work with the state of Texas to find homes for children in need of adoption. Though the fees for the services of a private agency may vary, the costs generally stay within the range of $5,000 to $40,000.
In independent adoptions, also known as private adoptions, the adoptive parents and their attorney facilitate the adoption without the aid of a third-party adoption agency. While not legal in all states, independent adoptions are legal in Texas. They can cost anywhere from $8,000 to $40,000.
All adoptive parents incur certain expenses, including court and attorney's fees. For example, a social worker must conduct a home study for the state prior to adoption approval, which can cost from about $1,000 to $3,000. The legal fees incurred by the adoptive parents will range from $500 to $2,000 for a court document finalizing the legality of the adoption, and anywhere from around $2,500 to $12,000 for legal representation by an attorney.
Financial Resources for Adoptive Families
While the costs of adoption in Texas are high, the state offers a number of resources to help adoptive families manage the cost. Certain organizations offer adoption grants, which adoptive parents to pay parts of the fees associated with the process. Adoptive families can also acquire loans to help them pay for the adoption over time. The options for loans include refinancing home mortgages, which helps reduce an adoptive parent's monthly mortgage bill; establishing a home equity line of credit, with which adoptive parents borrow against the financial value of their home; or using credit cards to help pay for adoption, which allow adoptive parents to pay off the adoption over time.
Financial Benefits of Adoption
Adoption also provides some financial benefits for the adoptive parent. For example, the government provides adoptive parents with a tax credit that helps reduce their tax responsibilities. Parents who are members of the military or who adopt children with special needs may also receive subsidies or financial assistance from the government.